CitriodiolTM - FAQ
Q. How does it work?
A. Female biting insects require protein to lay eggs. They are attracted to animals by skin odours and carbon dioxide from exhaled breath. The active ingredients in repellents make the person unattractive for feeding.
Q. Which insects are repelled?
A. Biting insects. Stinging insects like wasps and bees are unaffected.
Q. Does it work on all biting insects?
A. Pretty well. Scientific testing has been performed on midges, mosquitoes, sandflies, ticks, stable flies, blackflies, deer keds and land leeches. Specifically, just the mosquitoes, Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus, Aedes cantans, Aedes increpitus, Aedes melanimon, Anopheles sundaicus, Aedes taeniorhynchus, Aedes vexans, Anopheles albimanus, Anopheles arabiensis, Anopheles darlingi, Anopheles freeborni, Anopheles funestus, Anopheles gambiae, Anopheles quadrimaculatus, Anopheles stephensii, Coquillettidia richardii, Culex quinquefasciatus, Culex sitiens and Ochlerotatus taeniorhynchus.
Q. Is CitriodiolTM safe?
A. Extensive testing has shown that CitriodiolTM has a low toxicity, is not a sensitiser, has no phototoxic potential, is non-mutagenic, passes the chromosome aberration test, is negative for inducing forward mutations at the TK locus in L5178Y mouse lymphoma cells, is negative in the in-vivo mouse micronucleus assay and has no dermal developmental toxicity effect.
Q. What is the European Biocidal Products Directive (BPD) 98/8/EC.?
A. The European Biocidal Products Directive (BPD) has been put into place to control the use of biocides in the EU. Insect repellents fall under this directive and as such Mosi-guard International Ltd has notified the active ingredient CitriodiolTM with the European Chemical Bureau (ECB). Submission to the ECB will be handled by the Health & Safety Executive (HSE) who are the ‘Competent Authority’ in the UK.
The HSE have confirmed that they have received the CitriodiolTM dossier prior to the end of April 2006 and that it meets the necessary conditions to proceed towards final registration.
The directive will limit widespread use of those active ingredients in repellents which are unable to meet requirements of the Directive for effectiveness, consumer health and safety, and environmental safety.
Other repellents likely to meet the Directive are Deet, KBR3023 (Picaridin) and IR3535. These are chemical, synthetic formulations and therefore do not offer the unique features of CitriodiolTM. The use of other substances such as neem oil and citronella oil will not be allowed in future as they have not been notified under the BPD.
Dossier submissions are extensive and applicable to single ingredients. CitriodiolTM is, and will be the only effective, natural, repellent suitable for adults and young children.
Q. What are the problems with Deet?
A. Deet is a chemical derived from coal tar. It is an effective repellent but as associated problems. Deet passes easily through the skin taking with it any other chemical that may be present. The plasticizing effect of deet means that it should not come into contact with man-made fibres, hard plastics and rubber as it destroys their integrity.